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澳门新浦京娱乐场网站:compose安装战败,报错的

下生机勃勃期大家曾经介绍了VM虚构机安装CentOS 7系统的步子进程,这一次就来探视使用Linux对初读书人有怎么着阻力?

[澳门新浦京娱乐场网站,root@cloud test]# yum list
已加载插件:fastestmirror
: [Errno 14] curl#6 - "Could not resolve host: mirrors.163.com; 未知的失实"
正值尝试任何镜像。
 
 
 One of the configured repositories failed (CentOS-7 - Base - 163.com),
 and yum doesn't have enough cached data to continue. At this point the only
 safe thing yum can do is fail. There are a few ways to work "fix" this:
 
    1. Contact the upstream for the repository and get them to fix the problem.
 
    2. Reconfigure the baseurl/etc. for the repository, to point to a working
        upstream. This is most often useful if you are using a newer
        distribution release than is supported by the repository (and the
        packages for the previous distribution release still work).
 
    3. Run the command with the repository temporarily disabled
            yum --disablerepo=base ...
 
    4. Disable the repository permanently, so yum won't use it by default. Yum
        will then just ignore the repository until you permanently enable it
        again or use --enablerepo for temporary usage:
 
            yum-config-manager --disable base
        or
            subscription-manager repos --disable=base
 
    5. Configure the failing repository to be skipped, if it is unavailable.
        Note that yum will try to contact the repo. when it runs most commands,
        so will have to try and fail each time (and thus. yum will be be much
        slower). If it is a very temporary problem though, this is often a nice
        compromise:
 
            yum-config-manager --save --setopt=base.skip_if_unavailable=true
 
failure: repodata/repomd.xml from base: [Errno 256] No more mirrors to try.

输入

暗中认可情形下红帽的yum是索要登记的,据小编所知要钱。而CentOS与RedHat大约是同等的,所以redhat的软件centos也可用,于是上网查资料没悟出还真是可以,所以写了一个备忘录。万一未来还要选择呢。

豆蔻梢头、yum安装使用:

零基础学习C语言---Linux平台配置互联网

比如选用 yum list 只怕设置某文件时提示这种报错,host 深入剖判有标题,请检查网络 DNS 设置,重启互连网服务,OK。

yum install docker-compose后报错:

也冀望本文能够帮到有要求的人。

1、Yum:rpm的前端程序,用来缓慢解决软件包相关信任性,能够在四个库之间定位软件包,up2date的代表工具

用VM虚构机运行Linux系统时现身的标题

越多YUM相关课程见以下内容

Loaded plugins: fastestmirror

base                                                                                 | 3.6 kB  00:00:00

One of the configured repositories failed (Unknown),

and yum doesn't have enough cached data to continue. At this point the only

safe thing yum can do is fail. There are a few ways to work "fix" this:

  1. Contact the upstream for the repository and get them to fix the problem.

  2. Reconfigure the baseurl/etc. for the repository, to point to a working

upstream. This is most often useful if you are using a newer

distribution release than is supported by the repository (and the

packages for the previous distribution release still work).

  1. Run the command with the repository temporarily disabled

yum --disablerepo= ...

  1. Disable the repository permanently, so yum won't use it by default. Yum

will then just ignore the repository until you permanently enable it

again or use --enablerepo for temporary usage:

yum-config-manager --disable

or

subscription-manager repos --disable=

  1. Configure the failing repository to be skipped, if it is unavailable.

Note that yum will try to contact the repo. when it runs most commands,

so will have to try and fail each time (and thus. yum will be be much

slower). If it is a very temporary problem though, this is often a nice

compromise:

yum-config-manager --save --setopt=.skip_if_unavailable=true

Cannot retrieve metalink for repository: epel/x86_64. Please verify its path and try again

yum -y install epel-release

rpm -ivh

Retrieving

curl: (6) Could not resolve host: dl.fedoraproject.org; Unknown error

error: skipping

  • transfer failed

1.翻看系统预装的yum rpm包:

2、yum repository:yum repo,存款和储蓄了相当多rpm包,以致包的连带的元数据文件(放置于特定目录repodata下)

1.VM设想机服务没拉开

澳门新浦京娱乐场网站 1

假若出现这种状态说明VM虚构机的劳务未有任何展开,所以首先去本身的微处理器(Win10的是“此计算机”)鼠标右键选取处理,步向后左边接受“服务和应用程序”中的服务,把我用金红框圈起来的多少个劳务整个张开就可以。

澳门新浦京娱乐场网站 2

RHEL7 本地yum源配置 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-01/139140.htm

ping了生龙活虎晃ip,发现能ping通,不过ping百度,却一点计策也施展不出ping通,表明不能够深入分析域名

rpm - qa | grep yum

3、yum顾客端配置文件:

2.选用VM虚拟机械运输维CentOS 7操作系统时Computer现身蓝屏重启

(1)这种景况相仿都以内部存款和储蓄器大小的难点,其余的主题素材自个儿没遇过,所以只供给做二种工作就可以,第风度翩翩就是为Computer安装虚构内部存储器。

澳门新浦京娱乐场网站 3

“高端系统设置”---“高档”---“品质设置”----“高端”-----“修正”,请不要筛选“无分页大小”。

(2)第二安装虚构机的内部存储器大小,不要设置那么大的内存,日常1G大小就行了,在此之前便是因为作者设置了2G内存大小,只怕导致计算机蓝屏的。刚才本身写博客的时候正是其黄金年代标题害得作者只能暂停,我都险些夭亡了。

CentOS 6.5 配置本地Yum源  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-04/143127.htm

于是找了个消除办法

以下是自己的体系预装的软件(笔者的是redhat7):

/etc/yum.conf:为持有货仓提供公共配置

 早先网络陈设

CentOS 7 使用Ali云的yum源、PIP源 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-01/13966.htm

yum安装时错误E智跑兰德本田CR-VNO 14 couldn’t resolve host 消除办法

[root@localhost ~]# rpm -qa|grep yum
yum-langpacks-0.4.2-4.el7.noarch
yum-metadata-parser-1.1.4-10.el7.x86_64
yum-3.4.3-132.el7.centos.0.1.noarch
yum-utils-1.1.31-34.el7.noarch
yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.31-34.el7.noarch
yum-rhn-plugin-2.0.1-5.el7.noarch
PackageKit-yum-1.0.7-5.e17.x86_64

/etc/yum.repos.d/*.repo:为旅舍的指向提供配置

1.开荒终端,测量试验互联网

(1)右键展开终端,输入su -,输入root管理员密码,步入root举行测量检验网络。

澳门新浦京娱乐场网站 4

(2)通过输入ping www.baidu.com未有网络,那就输入systemctl restart network重启下网卡试试看,结果发掘依然尚未互连网,那如何是好?那正是下一步挂载网络的题目了。

CentOS及Red Hat Linux安装yum源  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-02/140205.htm

身为DNS服务器错误。是修正了/etc/resolv.conf

2.卸载上边的rpm包:

仓库指向的概念:

2.配备互联网,挂载网络

第大器晚成,输入clear进行清屏,然后输入cd /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/(那是寻找网卡文件数量的职位,cd表示你要进入有个别目录地址),再输入ls检查下网卡的情状。

 澳门新浦京娱乐场网站 5

地方十三分浅紫蓝框就是网卡名称,每意气风发台计算机的网卡名都是不等同的,以往就以自家那么些为例吧。接下来就是查看那几个网卡的文本内容了,有VM自带的编写翻译器(原始)---vim,初读书人的话建议用gedit编写翻译器,所以上边输入gedit ifcfg-ens33,展开文件内容如下图:

 澳门新浦京娱乐场网站 6

把最后风流罗曼蒂克行的onboot的“no”改成“yes”,上边这一个是毫无疑问的,我已经改过过了。然后开展再贰遍的测量检验互联网,然而在这里以前率先再贰次输入systemctl restart network,重启后再输入ifconfig查看是或不是有IP地址:

 澳门新浦京娱乐场网站 7

前段时间就足以上网了,未来测量试验下,输入ping www.baidu.com。

澳门新浦京娱乐场网站 8按下Ctrl Z实行悬停数据体现,你见到那么多多少展现就驾驭已经联网了。

CentOS 7改良yum源与立异系统 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-01/140067.htm

增加了叁个nameserver8.8.8.8到位

rpm -e yum-langpacks-0.4.2-4.el7.noarch --nodeps

[repositoryID]

设置C语言编写翻译器

输入yum install -y gcc,进行设置,如图:

 澳门新浦京娱乐场网站 9

安装完后再安装c 编写翻译器,输入yum install -y gcc-c ,安装后自然要反省下是不是陈设成功:

澳门新浦京娱乐场网站 10

澳门新浦京娱乐场网站 11

输入gcc -v和g -v,检查见到上两张图的布置已经成功,那样Linux平台可以正式使用。

RedHat7.0配置本地yum源  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-01/139148.htm 

来自:blog.csdn.net/spyiu/article/details/25163101

末尾的卸载情势依据上边。

name=Some name for this repository

Linux安装编写翻译器时现身的难点

即便设置编写翻译器时现身以下情状:

安装编写翻译器指令:yum install -y gcc
已加载插件:fastestmirror, langpacks

One of the configured repositories failed (未知),
and yum doesn't have enough cached data to continue. At this point the only
safe thing yum can do is fail. There are a few ways to work "fix" this:

  1. Contact the upstream for the repository and get them to fix the problem.

  2. Reconfigure the baseurl/etc. for the repository, to point to a working
    upstream. This is most often useful if you are using a newer
    distribution release than is supported by the repository (and the
    packages for the previous distribution release still work).

  3. Disable the repository, so yum won't use it by default. Yum will then
    just ignore the repository until you permanently enable it again or use
    --enablerepo for temporary usage:

yum-config-manager --disable <repoid>

  1. Configure the failing repository to be skipped, if it is unavailable.
    Note that yum will try to contact the repo. when it runs most commands,
    so will have to try and fail each time (and thus. yum will be be much
    slower). If it is a very temporary problem though, this is often a nice
    compromise:

yum-config-manager --save --setopt=<repoid>.skip_if_unavailable=true

Cannot find a valid baseurl for repo: base/7/x86_64

翻译:配置存款和储蓄库退步之生龙活虎(未知)
而且yum未有丰裕的缓存数据来三番一遍。那个时候,yum能做的举世无双安全的业务正是败退。有二种方法能够“修复”那几个难题:

1.联络上游的蕴藏库并让他们解决难题。

2.重新配置baseurl等。对于存款和储蓄库,指向正在干活的中游。若是你使用的是新的发行版,并非积累库援助的,那么那经常是十一分管用的。(从前发行版的包依然有效)。

3.禁止使用存款和储蓄库,那样yum在默许处境下不会使用它。然后Yum将忽视存储库直到你恒久地重复启用它或选取—enablerepo作为有的时候使用:< repoid yum-config-manager——禁止使用

4.安插要跳过的败诉存储库,纵然它不可用。请小心,yum将尝试联系repo。当它运转大大多下令时,每便都要品尝退步。(由此。yum将会慢得多。)借使那只是八个一时的标题,那经常是贰个很好的投降(消灭难题):yum-config-manager——保存——setopt = < repoid >。跳过假若用时= true

没辙找到有效的baseurl:base/7/x86_64

原因:网络网卡即使开启,可是依旧未有互连网(未有足够的网络数据支撑),临时候挂载互联网也是一向不用的。
竭泽而渔方案:1.创制虚构机时网络接受时不选桥接,选用暗中同意的。

 

2.万一依旧十分小概化解的话,能够动用本身提供的镜像文件。百度云链接:

ps:作者在网络查过不菲的材质,有些人说在网卡文件上加上DNS地址和一个备用地址,小编用了也不行,有些许人说yum源配置出错,重新下载安装,可是英特网海高校部分的网站都以失效的,况兼也很难找到属于本身的,所以提议选取自个儿提供的镜像文件,亲测有效,设想机网络接受不要选桥接,暗中认可就可以。

RedHat Linux 7安装CentOS 7 yum源  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-04/142444.htm

再次ping百度,可以ping通 ,通过

3.更改yum仓库:

baseurl=url://path/to/repository/

叠合内容

自定义标题样式,页面定制CSS代码:

#cnblogs_post_body
{
    color: black;      
    font: 0.875em/1.5em "微软雅黑" , "PTSans" , "Arial" ,sans-serif;
    font-size: 15px;
}
#cnblogs_post_body h1    {
    background: #2B6695;
    border-radius: 6px 6px 6px 6px;
    box-shadow: 0 0 0 1px #5F5A4B, 1px 1px 6px 1px rgba(10, 10, 0, 0.5);
    color: #FFFFFF;
    font-family: "微软雅黑" , "宋体" , "黑体" ,Arial;
    font-size: 23px;
    font-weight: bold;
    height: 25px;
    line-height: 25px;
    margin: 18px 0 !important;
    padding: 8px 0 5px 5px;
    text-shadow: 2px 2px 3px #222222;
}
#cnblogs_post_body h2    {
    background: #008eb7;
    border-radius: 6px 6px 6px 6px;
    box-shadow: 0 0 0 1px #5F5A4B, 1px 1px 6px 1px rgba(10, 10, 0, 0.5);
    color: #FFFFFF;
    font-family: "微软雅黑" , "宋体" , "黑体" ,Arial;
    font-size: 20px;
    font-weight: bold;
    height: 25px;
    line-height: 25px;
    margin: 18px 0 !important;
    padding: 8px 0 5px 5px;
    text-shadow: 2px 2px 3px #222222;
}
#cnblogs_post_body h3    {
    background: #399ab2;
    border-radius: 6px 6px 6px 6px;
    box-shadow: 0 0 0 1px #5F5A4B, 1px 1px 6px 1px rgba(10, 10, 0, 0.5);
    color: #FFFFFF;
    font-family: "微软雅黑" , "宋体" , "黑体" ,Arial;
    font-size: 18px;
    font-weight: bold;
    height: 25px;
    line-height: 25px;
    margin: 18px 0 !important;
    padding: 8px 0 5px 5px;
    text-shadow: 2px 2px 3px #222222;
}
#cnblogs_post_body h4{
    background: #2B6600;
    border-radius: 6px 6px 6px 6px;
    box-shadow: 0 0 0 1px #5F5A4B, 1px 1px 6px 1px rgba(10, 10, 0, 0.5);
    color: #FFFFFF;
    font-family: "微软雅黑" , "宋体" , "黑体" ,Arial;
    font-size: 16px;
    font-weight: bold;
    height: 24px;
    line-height: 23px;
    margin: 12px 0 !important;
    padding: 5px 0 5px 10px;
    text-shadow: 2px 2px 3px #222222;
}
#页面中a标签鼠标位置
#cnblogs_post_body h2:a{
   color: rgb(235, 235, 235);
}
#cnblogs_post_body h2 a:hover{
   color: rgb(255, 102, 0);
}
#页面中标题位置
#cnblogs_post_body h1{
   color: rgb(235, 235, 235);
}
#cnblogs_post_body h1:hover{
   color: rgb(255, 102, 0);
}
#cnblogs_post_body h2{
   color: rgb(235, 235, 235);
}
#cnblogs_post_body h2:hover{
   color: rgb(255, 102, 0);
}
#cnblogs_post_body h3{
   color: rgb(235, 235, 235);
}
#cnblogs_post_body h3:hover{
   color: rgb(255, 102, 0);
}
#cnblogs_post_body h4{
   color: rgb(235, 235, 235);
}
#cnblogs_post_body h4:hover{
   color: rgb(255, 102, 0);
}

职能如下:

澳门新浦京娱乐场网站 12

 

 最后感言:本次博客笔者写了3个钟头,或者笔者是新手吧,打字慢,也恐怕是自身寻觅笔记时弄了相当久,中途还因为张开设想机械运输维CentOS 7时现身蓝屏重启(内心崩溃啊),但是笔者可能百折不挠到了最后,笔者只是把本身领会的记录下来,也甘愿把这个经验分享给大家,下生机勃勃期就是windows平台系统的搭建。还会有少数,最终的附加内容是自己从别人那边复制过来用的。

笔者会继续开足马力的!!!

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2018-06-19

软件包管理此前端管住工具yum  http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-02/140270.htm

rpm -ivh

cd /etc/yum.repos.d/

enabled={1|0}

CentOS 7 使用Ali云的yum源、PIP源 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-01/13966.htm

wget 

gpgcheck={1|0}

本文长久更新链接地址:http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2017-10/147236.htm

安装docker-compose成功

下載文件:

gpgkey=URL

澳门新浦京娱乐场网站 13

enablegroups={1|0}

别的相应就能够。

failovermethod={roundrobin|priority}

下载centos 的rpm包:

默感到:roundrobin,意为随机采用;

对应你卸载的rpm包下载:(小编卸载了那一个所以自个儿下载那一个)

cost= 默认为1000

yum-langpacks-0.4.2-4.el7.noarch
yum-metadata-parser-1.1.4-10.el7.x86_64
yum-3.4.3-132.el7.centos.0.1.noarch
yum-utils-1.1.31-34.el7.noarch
yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.31-34.el7.noarch
yum-rhn-plugin-2.0.1-5.el7.noarch
PackageKit-yum-1.0.7-5.e17.x86_64

 

下载地址:

 配置好的文本后,做立异:

 

4.安装rpm包:

#yum clean all  清理地面缓存

rpm -ivh yum-3.4.3-132.el7.centos.0.1.noarch.rpm yum-plugin-fastestmirror-1.1.31-34.el7.noarch.rpm

#yum makecache  创设地面缓存

    上边多个包要联合安装,不然会有依赖错误

4、yum-config-manager的使用:

    在设置别的的rpm包

(1)yum-config-manager的安装:

5.革除缓存:

A、该命令在最小化安装的系统上是向来不的,供给安装yum-utils-1.1.31-34.el7.noarch.rpm以此RPM包,倘诺是光盘安装,要求其余安装八个依赖包:python-chardet.noarch 0:2.2.1-1.el7_1 、python-kitchen.noarch 0:1.1.1-5.el7;也能够经过网络安装或许地点的YUM旅舍安装,命令为:yum localinstall yum-utils-1.1.31-34.el7.noarch.rpm;

yum clean all

B、假若是yum安装,直接实行# yum install yum-utils -y

6.构建緩存:

   (2)yum-config-manager的选项应用:

yum makecache

    yum-config-manager –add-repo=“堆栈路径” 加多旅社

万风流洒脱出現一下報錯:

    yum-config-manager –disable “旅馆名"      禁止使用宾馆

[root@localhost ~]# yum makecache                             
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks, product-id, search-disabled-repos, subscription-
              : manager
This system is not registered to Red Hat Subscription Management. You can use subscription-manager to register.
Could not retrieve mirrorlist error was
14: HTTP Error 404 - Not Found
: [Errno 14] HTTP Error 404 - Not Found
Trying other mirror.
To address this issue please refer to the below knowledge base article
 

 
If above article doesn't help to resolve this issue please create a bug on
 
 
 One of the configured repositories failed (CentOS-$releasever - Base - 163.com),
 and yum doesn't have enough cached data to continue. At this point the only
 safe thing yum can do is fail. There are a few ways to work "fix" this:
  1. Contact the upstream for the repository and get them to fix the problem.
 
    2. Reconfigure the baseurl/etc. for the repository, to point to a working
        upstream. This is than is supported by the repository (and the
        packages for the previous distribution release still work).
 
    3. Disable the repository, so yum won't use it by default. Yum will then
澳门新浦京娱乐场网站:compose安装战败,报错的缓和方法。        just ignore the repository until you permanently enable it again or use
        --enablerepo for temporary usage:
 
            yum-config-manager --disable base
 
    4. Configure the failing repository to be skipped, if it is unavailable.
        Note that yum will try to contact the repo. when it runs most commands,
        so will have to try and fail each time (and thus. yum will be be much
        slower). If it is a very temporary problem though, this is often a nice
        compromise:
 
            yum-config-manager --save --setopt=base.skip_if_unavailable=true
            failure: repodata/repomd.xml from base: [Errno 256] No more mirrors to try.
: [Errno 14] HTTP Error 404 - Not Found most often useful if you are using a newer
        distribution release than is supported by the repository (and the
        packages for the previous distribution release still work).
 
    3. Disable the repository, so yum won't use it by default. Yum will then
        just ignore the repository until you permanently enable it again or use
        --enablerepo for temporary usage:
 
            yum-config-manager --disable base
 
    4. Configure the failing repository to be skipped, if it is unavailable.
        Note that yum will try to contact the repo. when it runs most commands,
        so will have to try and fail each time (and thus. yum will be be much
        slower). If it is a very temporary problem though, this is often a nice
        compromise:
 
            yum-config-manager --save --setopt=base.skip_if_unavailable=true
 
failure: repodata/repomd.xml from base: [Errno 256] No more mirrors to try.
: [Errno 14] HTTP Error 404 - Not Found

    yum-config-manager –enable  “客栈名”     启用饭馆

将/etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS7-Base-163.repo 文件中的$releasever替换到你的种类版本号就可以。

5、yum的指令使用:

到此yum已经替换好了。

  (1) #yum repolist (展现酒店列表)

能够用yum安装软件了:

   

[root@localhost ~]# yum install telnet
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks, product-id, search-disabled-repos, subscription-
              : manager
This system is not registered to Red Hat Subscription Management. You can use subscription-manager to register.
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package telnet.x86_64 1:0.17-59.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution
 
Dependencies Resolved

  (2)#yum list (展现货仓的持有程序包)也许yum list all (彰显旅舍的有所程序包和系统已安装的程序包)

 

澳门新浦京娱乐场网站:compose安装战败,报错的缓和方法。 Package            Arch                Version                     

  (3) #yum install (程序安装);yum reinstall(程序重新安装)

Repository        Size

Installing:
 telnet              x86_64              1:0.17-59.el7                base              63 k  

  (4)#yum update (程序晋级);yum downgrade (程序降级)

Transaction Summary

Install  1 Package
 
Total download size: 63 k
Installed size: 113 k
Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
Downloading packages:
telnet-0.17-59.el7.x86_64.rpm                                          |  63 kB  00:00:02   
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Installing : 1:telnet-0.17-59.el7.x86_64     
  Verifying  : 1:telnet-0.17-59.el7.x86_64                                               
  Installed:
  telnet.x86_64 1:0.17-59.el7                                                                 
 
Complete!

依据本身的yum旅社文件:

# CentOS-Base.repo
#
# The mirror system uses the connecting IP address of the client and the
# update status of each mirror to pick mirrors that are updated to and
# geographically close to the client.  You should use this for CentOS updates
# unless you are manually picking other mirrors.
#
# If the mirrorlist= does not work for you, as a fall back you can try the
# remarked out baseurl= line instead.
#
#
[base]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Base - 163.com
#mirrorlist=
baseurl=
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=
#released updates
[updates]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Updates - 163.com
#mirrorlist=
baseurl=
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=
 
#additional packages that may be useful
[extras]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Extras - 163.com
#mirrorlist=
baseurl=
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=
 
#additional packages that extend functionality of existing packages
[centosplus]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Plus - 163.com
baseurl=
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=

应接大家指正错误!!

越多YUM相关学科见以下内容

RedHat 6.2 Linux更改yum源无偿应用CentOS源 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-07/87383.htm

配置EPEL YUM源 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2012-10/71850.htm

Redhat 本地yum源配置 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2012-11/75127.htm

yum的布局文件表达 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-04/83298.htm

RedHat 6.1下安装yum(图文) http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-06/86535.htm

YUM 安装及清理 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2013-07/87163.htm

CentOS 6.4上搭建yum本地源 http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-07/104533.htm

正文永恒更新链接地址:http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2016-12/138248.htm

澳门新浦京娱乐场网站 14

  (5)#yum check-update (检查可进步)

  (6)#yum remove (卸载程序)

  (7)#yum info (查看程序的详细消息)

   

  (8)#yum provides (查看程序包由什么程序提供)

   

  (9)#yum search (搜索程序包名,属于模糊寻找)

  

  (10)#yum replist (查看程序的依靠程序)

  

  (11)#yum history (查看yum安装的历史)

      到日志文件查看:

  

     使用命令yum history查看:

  

  (12)#yum history info 6

  

  (13)#yum history undo 7  (约等于把历史文件之中的卸载步骤给撤消,即为安装。)

  

  yum 域名解析配置

 yum的布署文件里指向的域名就分辨不了了。重新初始化下dns指向。

vim /etc/resolv.conf

nameserver 8.8.8.8

 

centos系统 

用yum安装php时报错 Peer cert cannot be verified or peer cert invalid;

寸草不留办法:

vi  /etc/yum.conf

增多安排:sslverify=false

 

 

   yum的下令行选项:只好单二次安装,不可以预知同偶然间运转七个安装命令

–nogpgcheck:禁绝开展gpgcheck

-y: 自动回复为“yes”

-q:静默形式

–disablerepo=repoidglob:有的时候禁止使用此处钦定的repo

–enablerepo=repoidglob:不常启用此处内定的repo

–noplugins:禁止使用全体插件

二、本地包和包组的施用:

    1、安装及进步本地程序包:

yum localinstall rpmfile1 [rpmfile2] […]

(用install替代)

yum localupdate rpmfile1 [rpmfile2] […]

(用update替代)

   2、包组管理的相关命令:

yum groupinstall group1 [group2] […]  安装包组

yum groupupdate group1 [group2] […] 晋级包组

yum grouplist [hidden] [groupwildcard] […] 查看包组情形(含安装与未安装)[hidden]为翻动隐蔽包组

yum groupremove group1 [group2] […]  删除包组

yum groupinfo group1 […]   包组音信页内容查看

三、怎样运用本地光盘作为YUM仓库:

1、光盘挂载:

   #mount /dev/cdroom /mnt/cdrom  (手动挂载,机重视启就抛弃)

   Centos6上autofs自动挂载:/misc/cd  (访谈立刻挂载上去)

2、成立本地配置文件:

   [cdrom]

baseurl=file:///mnt/cdrom(此处,提议优先利用那路线:baseurl=file:///misc/cd)

gpgcheck=0

3、yum的repo配置文件中可用的变量:

$releasever: 当前OS的发行版的主版本号

$arch: 平台,i386,i486,i586,x86_64等

$basearch:基础平台;i386

$YUM0-$YUM9:自定义变量

4、创建yum仓库:

createrepo [options] <directory>

 

 

 

前后相继包编写翻译

大器晚成、程序包编写翻译安装:

(1)Application-VE奥德赛SION-release.src.rpm–> 安装后,使用rpmbuild命令制作成二进制格式的rpm包,而后再安装

(2)源代码–>预处理–>编译–>汇编–>链接–>执行

源代码组织格式:

多文件:文件中的代码之间,很可能存在跨文件信任关系

C、C :make (项目管理器,configure –>

Makefile.in –> makefile)

c/c 编译器: gcc

java: maven    

(3) 开垦工具:

      编译C源代码:

预备:提供开荒工具及支出意况

开采工具:make, gcc等

支付遭受:开垦库,头文件

glibc:标准库

  完毕:通过“包组”提供开拓组件

CentOS 6:

Development Tools

Server Platform Development

CentOS 7:

Development Tools

Development and Creative Workstation

(4)安装步骤:(以下多少个步骤必需在解压的源码目录下实践)

第一步:configure脚本

筛选:指虞诩装地点、钦定启用的特色   –help: 获取其支持使用的抉择

挑选分类:

安装路线设定:

–prefix=/PATH: 钦赐暗许安装地方,默感觉/usr/local/

–sysconfdir=/PATH:配置文件安装地方

System types:帮忙交叉编写翻译

Optional Features: 可选天性

–disable-FEATURE

–enable-FEATURE[=ARG]

       Optional Packages: 可选包,

–with-PACKAGE[=ARG],依赖包

–without-PACKAGE,禁止使用信任关系

    通过筛选传递参数,内定启用本性、安装路线等;试行时会参照他事他说加以考查客商的钦点以至makefile.in文件生成makefile

   autoconf: 生成configure脚本

   automake:生成Makefile.in

  注意:安装前查看INSTALL,README

第二步:make   依照makefile文件,构建应用程序

 第三步:make install   复制文件到相应路线

(5)安装后的铺排:

A、 二进制造进程序目录导入至PATH情况变量中;

编纂文件/etc/profile.d/NAME.sh

export PATH=/PATH/TO/BIN:$PATH

B、 导入库文件路线

编辑/etc/ld.so.conf.d/NAME.conf

加多新的库文件所在目录至此文件中

让系统重新生成缓存:ldconfig[-v]

C、 导入头文件

依据链接的法门落到实处:ln -sv

  D、 导入襄帮手册

编辑/etc/man.config|man_db.conf文件

充足贰个MANPATH

 

编写翻译安装事例:

1、  yum的配置和利用;包罗yum repository的创办

 

2、  编写翻译安装apache 2.2源码包,并运营此服务(下边以安装http为例)

安装前的开采工具包组安装:

 

 (1)先从地点ftp服务器上下载源码包,如下图。

 

 (2)使用命令#tar xvf httpd-2.2.29.tar.bz2,如下图:

 

 (3)解压达成后,步入源码解压目录下:

 

 (4)试行前,先ls看看/usr/local目录下是或不是留存同名的目录;实施命令# ./configure –prefix=/usr/local/httpd –sysconfdir=/etc/httpd,内定了设置的目录和陈设文件贮存目录

 

 

 (5)生成了Makefile文件,并未报错,那表明后面包车型大巴手续正确,如下图:

 

 (6)至此,能够起来编写翻译;#make 和 #make install 能够分开执行。在那,就一块儿实践。

 

 (7)完美术编辑译安装到位:

 

 

 (8)安装后的配置处理铺排:

  A、配置遭遇变量:

 

 

 

  B、库文件的配备:

 

 

 

  C、include头文件的计划:

   #cd /usr/include

   #ln -s /usr/local/httpd/include httpd

 

  D、man援助文件的布署:

 

 

 http运营、重启、结束测验:

 

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